The EELV is a centre-left political party in France created on 13th November 2010. The party was formed following the union of the Green Party and Europe Ecology, to include new activists who joined after the 2009 European elections.
Previously, the ecologist political landscape was solely made up of the Green Party, created in 1984 by Rene Dumont. Then, ahead of the 2009 European Elections, the Green Party, then led by Cecile Duflot, decided to form a coalition with other ecologists federations led by influential French personalities such as Eva Joly, Nicolas Hulot and Jose Bove, but also the president of the European Green Party at the time, Daniel Cohn-Bendit.
Following the election, the party decided to merge Europe Ecology and the Green Party to include all the new members and in order to create a new, more unified, party.
Ideology & values
EELV prioritises and emphasises environmental issues. It calls for a 40% reduction in CO2 emissions, phasing out nuclear energy in favour of renewable energy, the creation of 600,000 ‘green jobs’, eco-friendly urban planning (the creation of green housing and the promotion of public transportation), the development of sustainable agriculture and a moratorium on the use of genetically modified organisms. EELV, like the Greens before it, has generally opposed large-scale development projects, most recently the Aéroport du Grand Ouest in Notre-Dame-des-Landes (Loire-Atlantique), although the Socialist Party and the incumbent government officially support the project.
It also prioritises the protection of farmer’s rights and promotes local and organic output.
On economic issues, EELV leans strongly to the left. Besides the creation of ‘green jobs’ in fields such as thermal isolation and renewable energies, it also supports a carbon tax and raising the progressive income tax levels for high earners (60% for incomes between €100,000 and €500,000, 70% for incomes over €500,000). EELV is close to some anti-capitalist and many alter-globalisation activists. In its alternative budget in 2011, EELV proposed to reduce public debt by closing fiscal loopholes.
The party has traditionally supported European federalism, although many of its European policies are in conflict with the current direction and leadership of the European Union. EELV, like the Greens before it, has been one of the strongest proponents of decentralisation, officially supporting “differentiated federalism” which would devolve significant powers to the regions of France. The regionalist federation Régions et Peuples Solidaires has long been closely allied to the Green movement in France.
On social issues, the green movement has tended to take socially progressive positions: it has supported same-sex marriage and same-sex adoption, euthanasia and the legalisation of soft drugs. The party also supports political reform, including voting rights for foreigners in both local and national elections, abolishing the plurality of mandates, term limits and establishing a ‘Sixth Republic’ with more powers for the parliament and direct democracy. The Greens have long promoted gender equality in politics; its leadership and electoral candidates tend to respect gender parity and the EELV group in the French National Assembly has two co-presidents, one male and one female.
Yannick Jadot – Party candidate for the 2017 elections.
David Cormand – National Secretary since February 2016
Emmanuelle Cosse – National Secretary from 2013 to 2016
Thierry Brochot – President of the Federal Council.
Noel Mamere – Member of the Green Party and then EELV since 1989. He was the presidential candidate in 2002 and gained 5.2% of the votes which remains the best score for a Green party candidate. He became a European Deputy from 1994 to 1997. He left EELV in 2013.
Cecile Duflot – The National Secretary of the Green Party from 2006 to 2010 and then of the EELV from 2010 to 2012. She became Minister of Housing from 2012 to 2014 during Hollande’s presidency. She is now a member of the Assembly for Paris.
Daniel Cohn-Bendit – co-leader of the European Green Party-ALE 2002 to 2014. French German citizenship.
Eva Joly – Both Swedish and French, she has been a european deputy for the Green Party-ALE since 2009. She was an EELV candidate for the 2012 presidential election where she got 2.31% of the votes.
Jose Bove – Former French farmer, politician and syndicalist, he is a member of the anti-globalization movement. He was part of the Green Party between 2009 and 2014 and ran for the 2007 presidential election. He has been a European deputy since 2009.
Nicolas Hulot – French journalist who created the environmental group Fondation Nicolas Hulot in 1990. He ran in the primaries in 2012 for the presidential elections but lost against Eva Joly.
Official Website: http://eelv.fr
European Representation: http://europeecologie.eu/